Canada is a country in North America consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. The capital city of Canada is Ottawa, Canada’s two official languages are English and French.
Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level. It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations.
Canada is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the eighth highest per capita income globally. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of education, government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, and economic freedom.
Average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary from region to region. Winters can be harsh in many parts of the country, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces, which experience a continental climate, where daily average temperatures are near -15 °C (5 °F), but can drop below -40 °C (-40 °F) with severe wind chills.
In noncoastal regions, snow can cover the ground for almost six months of the year, while in parts of the north snow can persist year-round.
Canada occupies a major northern portion of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south (the longest border between two countries in the world) and the US state of Alaska to the northwest.
The 2011 Canadian census counted a total population of 33,476,688, an increase of around 5.9 percent over the 2006 figure. By December 2012, Statistics Canada reported a population of over 35 million, signifying the fastest growth rate of any G8 nation.
The main drivers of population growth are immigration and, to a lesser extent, natural growth.
Canadian provinces and territories are responsible for education. According to a 2012 NBC report, Canada is the most educated country in the world. The universities of Canada are among some of the top universities in the world; the University of Toronto, the University of British Columbia, the University of Alberta and McGill University are all ranked in the global top 50 in the 2013 QS World University Rankings, with university of Toronto ranked seventeenth.
The total numbers of universities in Canada are more than a few 100. This includes one of the world’s best institutions. Canada has had a total of 23 Nobel Prize winners to-date, with few of the recent winners Alice Munro (Literature, 2013), Ralph M. Steinman (Physiology or Medicine, 2011) and Willard S. Boyle (Physics, 2009).
• The United Nations ranked Canada as the best place in the world to live! This assessment was based upon Canada’s achievements in terms of educational attainment, life expectancy, national income and general quality of life.
• Canada’s education system is excellent and ranks among the best in the world. Moreover Canadian tuition fees are among the lowest in English-speaking countries.
• Since research is one of the key components of a Canadian post-secondary education, you’ll have ample opportunity to become a part of this vibrant aspect of education. In Canada, government and industry together support research including: telecommunications, medicine, agriculture, computer technology, and environmental science.
• International students who have graduated from a Canadian University or college have the opportunity to work in Canada after they receive their degree or diploma.
• Canada is a bilingual country and is considered a world leader in language training. Since teaching French and English as a first and second language is an integral part of a Canadian higher education, you will be able to improve your fluency and capacity for either language as you further your studies.
• Canada is home to a large number of aboriginal people, called First Nations. Over the past century and a half, Canada has welcomed 15 million immigrants.
• International students with Canadian credentials and Canadian work experience may apply for permanent residency without having to leave Canada